• February 14, 2024

We investigated how the change from current generation to next-generation pMDI propellants might affect the technical performance of currently used pMDI hardware, with a focus on actuator designs that assist with achievement of in vitro equivalence. The key finding of the preliminary in vitro studies described is that the changes required to convert pMDI formulations […]

  • October 17, 2023

In this opinion article, Inhalation talks with Alex Wilkinson and Gregor Anderson about aspects of a potential sustainability roadmap for inhalation platforms that could lead to reaching the UK’s National Health Service net zero goal. They believe that while new propellants are a major step forward, much more work must be done to meet this […]

  • June 13, 2023

An ex vivo study was designed to compare the dosing efficiency of different inhaler devices (soft mist inhaler [SMI], pressurized metered dose inhaler [pMDI] and dry powder inhaler [DPI]) and investigate their robustness to inhaler orientation. Stiolto® Respimat® SMI, Trimbow® pMDI, Fostair NEXThaler® DPI and Trelegy Ellipta® DPI were each tested using the Alberta Idealized […]

  • December 5, 2022

With the increasing prevalence and use of digital technologies applied to drug delivery devices and software solutions to support inhaled therapeutics, there are multiple considerations that patients, healthcare professionals, payors and pharmaceutical manufacturers can and should observe. Key considerations include identifying the stakeholders required, value to deliver to each stakeholder, system design and the laws […]

  • October 13, 2022

The earliest reference to therapeutic dry powder inhalation may also be the earliest reference to “engineered particles,” dating from 1849, in London. An initial article looks at the history of dry powder inhalers, including devices and formulations, and discusses considerations for future DPIs. Then an interview takes a new look at current challenges and opportunities […]

  • August 14, 2022

The four parts of a dry powder formulation (the formulation, excipient, composition and processing) must be thoroughly understood in order to develop and optimize adhesive mixtures for inhalation. In addition, their interactions can be highly complex. This article gives examples and discusses the complex interaction between the formulation and the device. The articles in this […]

  • June 10, 2022

This article discusses CFD simulations of nasal spray transport and use of CFD modeling to design nasal spray devices and analyze spray delivery performance. In silico testing using CFD, guided with in vitro measurements, is a potentially valuable approach that can reduce time and costs of evaluating nasal spray delivery performance under variable usage conditions […]

Dry powder inhalation (DPI) products basically consist of a powder formulation and a device. The formulation, which contains active pharmaceutical ingredient(s) (APIs) micronized to inhalable particle size and a few excipients may, at first glance, appear simple. However, a large number of factors are critical to the performance of dry powder formulations for inhalation. Furthermore, […]

  • April 8, 2022

A large gap exists between the relatively straightforward robust methods in the pharmacopeias, developed primarily for product release, and the more elaborate approaches to assist in understanding how inhalers are likely to perform in the hands of the patient or caregiver. The authors propose that there is a middle way forward and believe it is […]

  • December 7, 2021

The need for accurate thermophysical property prediction for diverse formulation mixtures is expected to grow, as next-generation formulations with low global warming potential (GWP) are introduced and as usage of predictive simulation increases during pMDI development. This need can be supported by appropriate experimental measurement campaigns for formulation mixtures, spanning the full range of temperature, […]